(Photo’s credits to UNHCR)
Sudan. Around 2.3 million internally displaced persons (IDPs), about 140,000 refugees, 7,000 asylum-seekers and an estimated hundreds of thousands persons at risk of statelessness.
The fights in Sudan’s Darfur contributed to make the number of refugees even bigger. Now more than a a quarter million people have joined the already 1.4 million in refugee camps. The UN is facing a hard time and seems like on the edge of a funding crisis. Watch the report of Aljazeera to get more insight on the issue.
Most of the refugees in Sudan come from Eritrea, Ethiopia, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Somalia, but there is also a very large population of IDPs in Darfur, Khartoum and the east.
UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, covers four distinct situations: Khartoum; the Protocol Areas; eastern Sudan; and Darfur. In 2012 it successfully launched the Transitional Solutions Initiative (TSI) with UNDP and the World Bank, in close partnership with the Sudanese Government, to promote self-reliance among some 77,000 long-staying refugees in eastern Sudan. UNHCR also began to implement a project with IOM and the local authorities to address the trafficking, smuggling and kidnapping of refugees and asylum-seekers in eastern Sudan.
After the independence of South Sudan in 2011 disputes aroused over the oil shares between Sudan and South Sudan and the closure of oil exporting caused high inflation in the country. Plus continuous fights of rebel groups and Sudan’s army in the Protocol Areas provoke outflow of refugees and internal displacement.